GOVERNMENT’S ROLE IN DEVELOPING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AT SANGIHE ISLAND REGENCY

  • Steven Y. Kawatak Universitas Katolik De La Salle Manado
  • Machiko Nugraha Indriyanto Universitas Katolik De La Salle Manado
  • Yolanda M.K.H. Jangkobus Universitas Katolik De La Salle Manado
Keywords: Sustainable Tourism, Potential, Strategy & Policy

Abstract

Tourism is a leading sector and source of income for many local governments, including the government of Sangihe Islands Regency. Sustainable tourism development has been considered as a major factor in maintaining the environmental integrity, as well as social and economic equality of a region’s tourist attractions. This study uses qualitative research, where the data collection was carried out by observation, documentation and interviews with the stakeholders of tourism in the regency, in particular the local Cultural and Tourism Office. Moreover, in this research, the potentials of the Sangihe Islands Regency were identified and categorized into three, namely Cultural, Natural and Maritime, and Nature Reserve tourism potentials. The local government’s policies to improve and develop its sustainable tourism are then divided into four main aspects, which are the development of tourist destinations, tourism marketing, tourism industry, and tourism institutions. Lastly, the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats are identified in order to develop strategies that would support and improve the development of sustainable tourism in Sangihe Islands Regency.

References

Blewitt, J., 2008. Understanding Sustainable Developments. Sterling: TJ International.

Bovy, M. B. & Lawson, F., 1977, Tourism and Recreation Development. Massachusetts: CBI Publishing Company.

Bovy, M. B. & Lawson, F., 1998, Tourism and Recreation Handbook of Planning and Design. London: Architectural Pres.

Brown, F., 1998, Tourism Reassessed: Blight or Blessing. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann

Brundtland, G. H., 1987, Our Common Future: Report of the World Commision on Environment and Development. The United Nations.

Burkart A. J. & Medlik S., 1974, Tourism: Past, Present, and Future, 2nd edition. London: Heinemann.

Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe, 2016, Laporan Akhir Rencana Induk Pembangunan Pengembangan Pariwisata Daerah, (RIPPARDA) Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe Tahun Anggaran 2016. Manado: PT.Asana Citra Yasa, JO PT. Cipta Ripta Persada konsultan.

Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe, 2017, Rencana Strategi (Renstra) Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe Tahun 2017-2022. Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe: Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata.

Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe, 2017, Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Daerah, (RPJMD) Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe Tahun 2017-2022. Kabupaten Kepulauan Sangihe: Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata.

Fandeli, C., 1995, Dasar-Dasar Manajemen Kepariwisataan Alam. Yogyakarta: Liberty Offset.

Gunn, C. A., 1979, Tourism Planning. New York: Crane Rissak & Company, Inc

Inskeep, E., 1991, Tourism Planning: An Integrated and Sustainable Development Approach. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Unga, K. L. O., 2011, Strategi Pengembangan Kawasan Wisata Kepulauan Banda. Makassar: Universitas Hasanuddin.

Marsongko, P., 1999, "Re-Orientasi & Rekayasa Bio-Diversity, (Green Tourism) Terhadap Pengembangan Produk Wisata". Diskusi Panel "Pembangunan Kepariwisataan Terhadap Isu Lingkungan". Dies Natalis Sekolah Tinggi Pariwisata.

Meyers, K., 2009, Pengertian Pariwisata. Jakarta: Unesco Office.

Putri, S. A. A., 2018, Perencanaan Kampung Wisata Terih dengan Konsep Ekowisata dalam Mendukung Pariwisata Berkelanjutan. Yogyakarta: Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Republik Indonesia, 1969, Instruksi Presiden Nomor 9 Tahun 1969 Tentang Pedoman Pembinaan Pengembangan Kepariwisataan Nasional. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Pariwisata.

Republik Indonesia, 1997, Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 1997 Tentang Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup. Jakarta: Sekertariat Negara.

Republik Indonesia, 2009, Undang-Undang Nomor 10 Tahun 2009 Tentang Kepariwisataan. Lembaran Negara Republik Indonesia Nomor 4966. Jakarta: Sekertariat Negara.

Riaswati, Y. E., 2008, Potensi dan Arah Pengembangan Obyek Wisata Di Kabupaten Wonogiri. Surakarta: Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Rinukmi, F. W., 2007, Potensi Tempat Wisata Pantai Trisik Kecamatan Galur Dalam Usaha Mendukung Pariwisata Kabupaten Kulon Progo Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Surakarta: Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Salim, E., 1990, Konsep Pembangunan Berkelanjutan. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Spillane, J. J., 1982, Pariwisata Indonesia, Sejarah dan Prospeknya. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Published
2020-05-27
How to Cite
Kawatak, S., Indriyanto, M. and Jangkobus, Y. (2020) “GOVERNMENT’S ROLE IN DEVELOPING SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AT SANGIHE ISLAND REGENCY”, Jurnal Ilmiah Hospitality, 9(1), pp. 77-86. Available at: https://stp-mataram.e-journal.id/JIH/article/view/33 (Accessed: 5August2020).
Section
Articles