ASSESSMENT OF ECOTOURISM AT TENGANAN PEGRINGSINGAN, BALI WITH THE INDONESIA SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AWARD (ISTA)

  • Ester Yuan Rahayu Duta Wacana Christian University, Yogyakarta
Keywords: Assesment, Ecotourism, ISTA & JED

Abstract

Assessment is needed to measure ecotourism outcomes and impacts. Assessment indicators can be used to manage and guide the practice and development of tourism destinations. Indonesia has an assessment standard developed to evaluate sustainable tourism practices, namely the indonesia sustainable tourism award (ista). Ista is aligned with and officially recognized by the gstc. This research investigates the ease and effectiveness of implementing ista standards in the context of a community-based ecotourism destination. The research was conducted in tenganan pegringsingan village through direct observation, questionnaires and interviews with the local community and  jed (jaringan ekowisata desa) managers. The results demonstrate that ista was a useful assessment tool for a mature ecotourism destination which was established on the basis of local culture and wisdom. It was also found that a number of criteria were difficult to understand and apply in self assessment of compliance and some modification of the standard may be necessary. The results of this research were applied to create recommendations for ecotourism management and to give feedback on the implementation of ista in indonesia.

References

[1] Haaland, H. and Aas, Ø. 2010. Eco-tourism Certification – Does it Make a Difference? A Comparison of Systems from Australia, Costa Rica and Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, Vol. 10, No. 3, 375–385.
[2] Jitpakdee, R. and Thapa, G, B. 2012. Sustainability Analysis of Ecotourism on Yao Noi Island, Thailand. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, Vol. 17, No. 3, 301-325.
[3] Novelli, M. Klatte, N. and Dolezal, C. 2016. The ASEAN Community-based Tourism Standards: Looking Beyond Certification, Tourism Planning & Development, Vol. 14, No. 2, 260-281.
[4] Jamal, T. Borges, M. and Stronza, A. 2006. The Institutionalisation of Ecotourism: Certification, Cultural Equity and Praxis, Journal of Ecotourism, Vol 5, No. 3, 145-175
[5] Pasape, L. Anderson, W. and Lindi, G. 2015. Assessment of indicators of sustainable ecotourism in Tanzania. Anatolia – An International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Research, Vol. 26, No. 1, 73–84.
[6] Weaver, D. 2001. Sustainable tourism: Is it sustainable? The encyclopedia of ecotourism. Wallingford: CABI.
[7] Smith, M., and Duffy, R. 2003. The ethics of tourism development. Routledge, London.
[8] Mutana, S. and Mukwada, G. 2017. An Exploratory Assessment of Significant Tourism Sustainability Indicators for a Montane-Based Route in the Drakensberg Mountains. Sustainability. 9, 1202; doi:10.3390/su9071202.
[9] Mikulic, J. Kozic, I. and Kresic, D. 2015. Weighting indicators of tourism sustainability: A critical note. Ecol. Indic. Vol 48, 312–314.
[10] GSTC, 2019a. About US. https://www.gstcouncil.org/about/about-us/ [accessed 6 July 2019].
[11] GSTC, 2019b. Sustainable Tourism Destination Standard for Indonesia Achieves GSTC – Recognition. https://www.gstcouncil.org/sustainable-tourism-destination-standard-for-indonesia-achieves-gstc-recognition/ [Accessed 6 July 2019].
[12] Muhamad and Prima, AG. 2016. Implementation of Sustainable Tourism Destination Development Achievements. Asia Tourism Forum 2016 – The 12th Biennial Conference of Hospitality and Tourism Industry in Asia (ATF-16).
[13] ISTA.2017. Buku Pedoman Penghargaan Pariwisata Berkelanjutan Indonesia. http://www.kemenpar.go.id/userfiles/PEDOMAN%20ISTA%20STD_150317_RevDim FINAL2.pdf [accessed 8 Februari 2018].
[14] Jaya, IGMA. 2017. Interview of “Jaringan Ekowisata Desa” at the JED office, Jl. Pengubengan Kauh 94.
[15] Byczek, C. 2011. Blessings for All? Community-Based Ecotourism in Bali Between Global, National, and Local Interests – A Case Study. ASEAS - Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies, 4(1), 81-106.
[16] Mendra IW, and Wiriantari F. 2016. Perubahan Spasial Permukiman Tradisional di Desa Adat Tenganan Pegringsingan Bali. Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora, Vol. 22, No. 2, Oktober 2017: 111-124.
[17] Bricker, KS. and Schultz,J. Candidate. 2011. Sustainable Tourism in the USA: A Comparative Look at the Global Sustainable Tourism Criteria. Tourism Recreation Research. 36:3, 215-229.
[18] Suansri, P. and Yeejaw-Haw, S. 2013. CBT standard handbook. Community Based Tourism Institute, Chiang Mai.
[19] Pradnyawathi, NLM. and Adnyana GM. 2013. Pengelolaan Air Irigasi Sistem Subak. Dwijenagro Vol. 3 No. 2: ISSN: 1979-3901.
Published
2019-12-10
How to Cite
Rahayu, E. (2019) “ASSESSMENT OF ECOTOURISM AT TENGANAN PEGRINGSINGAN, BALI WITH THE INDONESIA SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AWARD (ISTA)”, Jurnal Ilmiah Hospitality, 8(2), pp. 51-62. Available at: https://stp-mataram.e-journal.id/JIH/article/view/11 (Accessed: 25May2020).
Section
Articles