PROGRAM INTERVENSI PENCEGAHAN PENINGKATAN KASUS HIPERTENSI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS SINDANG JAYA

  • Laurensia Laurensia Dokter Muda, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta
  • Edwin Destra Dokter Muda, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta
  • Hayuningrat Odyssey Saint Dokter Muda, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta
  • Muhammad Abdu Quraisy Syihab Dokter Muda, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta
  • Ernawati Ernawati Departemen Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tarumanagara, Jakarta
Keywords: Hypertension, Incidence Rate, Intervention, Knowledge, Health Center

Abstract

Introduction: Hypertension in Southeast Asia had 39.9% of incidence rate in 2020. In Indonesia, there was an increase in hypertension from 2013 to 2018. In Tangerang Regency in 2018 the number of people with hypertension was recorded as much as 274,792 residents. Objective: To reduce the incidence of hypertension in the working area of ​​the Sindang Jaya Health Center. Methods: The study used an assessment with pre-test and post-test. The intervention was carried out in the form of counseling to increase public knowledge in the Sindang Jaya Health Center Work Area. The sample in this study was selected by non-random consecutive sampling. The independent variable in this study is the intervention carried out to increase public knowledge. The dependent variable in this study is the change in knowledge of the intervention carried out. Results: 40 counseling participants experienced an increase in knowledge after the intervention in 14 selected aspects as an indication of knowledge. Conclusion: The intervention in the form of counseling succeeded in increasing public knowledge about hypertension. It is hoped that there will be changes in people's attitudes and behavior in preventing the increase in new cases of hypertension in the community.

References

1. Asiah, N., Wiryanti, S. and Laksono, So. P. (2021) ‘Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Perilaku Lansia terhadap Hipertensi’, Jurnal Abdiman Saintika, 3(2).
2. Bakris, G., Ali, W. and Parati, G. (2019) ‘ACC/AHA Versus ESC/ESH on Hypertension Guidelines: JACC Guideline Comparison.’, Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 73(23), pp. 3018–3026. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2019.03.507.
3. Van den Born, B.-J. H. et al. (2019) ‘ESC Council on hypertension position document on the management of hypertensive emergencies.’, European heart journal. Cardiovascular pharmacotherapy, 5(1), pp. 37–46. doi: 10.1093/ehjcvp/pvy032.
4. Flack, J. M. and Adekola, B. (2020) ‘Blood pressure and the new ACC/AHA hypertension guidelines.’, Trends in cardiovascular medicine, 30(3), pp. 160–164. doi: 10.1016/j.tcm.2019.05.003.
5. Harjo, M. S., Setiyawan, S. and Rizqie, N. S. (2019) ‘HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN TENTANG HIPERTENSI DENGAN SIKAP DALAM PENCEGAHAN KOMPLIKASI HIPERTENSI PADA LANSIA PESERTA PROLANIS UPT PUSKESMAS JENAWI KARANGANYAR’, Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan dan Aplikasinya: Placentum, 7(2).
6. Indriani, S. et al. (2021) ‘Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Perilaku Lansia dengan Riwayat Hipertensi Mengenai Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Hipertensi’, Jurnal Pengabdian Kesehatan Masyarakat (Pengmaskesmas, 1(2).
7. Jeemon, P. et al. (2021) ‘World Heart Federation Roadmap for Hypertension - A 2021 Update.’, Global heart, 16(1), p. 63. doi: 10.5334/gh.1066.
8. Kemenkes RI (2018) ‘Laporan Nasional Riskesdas 2018’, Balitbang Kemenkes RI.
9. Kenning I, Kerandi H, Luehr D, Margolis K, O’Connor P, Pereira C, Schlichte A, W. T. (2014) ‘Hypertension Diagnosis and Treatment’, . Hypertension Diagnosis and Treatment, (November).
10. Mills, K. T., Stefanescu, A. and He, J. (2020) ‘The global epidemiology of hypertension.’, Nature reviews. Nephrology, 16(4), pp. 223–237. doi: 10.1038/s41581-019-0244-2.
11. Ministry, R. H. (2018) ‘Hasil Utama Laporan Riskesdas 2018’. doi: 10.1177/109019817400200403.
12. Muswanti, I. J. (2016) Hubungan Pengetahuan Dan Sikap Dengan Perilaku Pencegahan Komplikasi Stroke Pada Penderita Hipertensi Usia ≤ 45 Tahun Di Puskesmas Ngemplak Simongan Kota Semarang.
13. Di Palo, K. E. and Barone, N. J. (2020) ‘Hypertension and Heart Failure: Prevention, Targets, and Treatment.’, Heart failure clinics, 16(1), pp. 99–106. doi: 10.1016/j.hfc.2019.09.001.
14. Rossier, B. C., Bochud, M. and Devuyst, O. (2017) ‘The Hypertension Pandemic: An Evolutionary Perspective.’, Physiology (Bethesda, Md.), 32(2), pp. 112–125. doi: 10.1152/physiol.00026.2016.
15. Syihabur, R. M. (2021) Gambaran pengetahuan sikap dan perilaku pasien hipertensi di Kecamatan Wagir Kabupaten Malang.
Published
2022-05-20
How to Cite
Laurensia, L., Destra, E., Saint, H., Syihab, M. A., & Ernawati, E. (2022). PROGRAM INTERVENSI PENCEGAHAN PENINGKATAN KASUS HIPERTENSI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS SINDANG JAYA. E-Amal: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 2(2), 1227-1232. Retrieved from https://stp-mataram.e-journal.id/Amal/article/view/1472
Section
Articles